The word “pysanka” is thought by many people to refer to any type of decorated egg, but it actually refers specifically to eggs created by a wax resist (batik) method.
Many types of decorated eggs are seen in Ukrainian folk tradition, and these vary throughout the regions of Ukraine. The types of eggs listed below are real eggs that have been decorated by various techniques;
Krashanky/Крашанки “to colour or dye” – are boiled eggs dyed a single colour (with vegetable dyes), and are blessed and eaten at Easter. They are what most people refer to as “Easter eggs.
Pysanky/Писанки “to write” – are raw eggs created with the wax-resist method (batik). Most common in Western Ukraine regions.
Krapanky/Крапанки “a dot” – raw eggs decorated with the drops of wax utilising the wax-resist technique; the drops do not form any designs or shapes, but are applied randomly over the surface of the egg.
Dryapanky/Дряпанки “to scratch” – are created by scratching designs into the surface of a dyed egg to reveal the white shell below.
Malyovanky/Мальованки “to paint” – are created by painting or colouring (e.g. with a marker, ink or paints) on an egg.
Nakleyanky/Наклеянки (Applique Eggs) “to glue” – are created by gluing objects onto an egg.
Lystovky/Листовки “leaves” – are created by attaching small leaves and other spring greenery to an egg, and then dyeing it. When the leaves are removed, their outlines remain. These are similar to English “Pace eggs.”
Biserky/Бісерки “beads” – are created by attaching small beads to the surface of an egg. The egg was coated with beeswax, and then small beads were pressed into this surface to create designs.
Travlenky/Травленки “etching” – are created by waxing eggs and then etching away the unwaxed areas. This is not a traditional Ukraine practice, but has become popularised recently.
Linyvky/Лінивки “lazy” are created by using stickers or egg sleeves to decorate a hard-boiled egg. They are the “lazy man’s pysanka.” The word is a modern neologism, and is useful to describe the popular shrink-wrapped eggs that have become much more common in the past few years.
Slamenka/Сламенка “straw” are made by gluing straw pieces by forming interesting patterns.