The art of decorating fabric using wax and a dye. The applied wax resists dyes which allows to colour fabric selectively.
This process of waxing and dyeing can be repeated to create more elaborate and colourful designs. After the final dyeing the wax is removed and the cloth is ready for wearing or showing.
This technique originated from Java, Indonesia.
The word batik originates from the Javanese tik and means to dot.
Batik is made either by drawing dots and lines of the resist with a spouted tool called a tjanting, or by printing the resist with a copper stamp called a cap.
The art of decorating cloth in this way, using wax and dye, has been practised for centuries. In Java, Indonesia, batik is part of an ancient tradition, and some of the finest batik cloth in the world is still made there.